Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

[ 1 ] February 19, 2015 |

Essay on Swachh Bharat Abhiyan


Swachh Bharat Abhiyan (Hindi: स्वच्छ भारत अभियान, English: Clean India Mission) is a national campaign by the Government of India, covering 4041 statutory towns, to clean the streets, roads and infrastructure of the country.

This campaign was officially launched on 2 October 2014 at RajghatNew Delhi, where Prime Minister Narendra Modi himself cleaned the road. It is India’s biggest ever cleanliness drive and 3 million government employees and school and college students of India participated in this event. The mission was started by Prime Minister Modi, who nominated nine famous personalities for the campaign, and they took up the challenge and nominated nine more people and so on (like the branching of a tree). It has been carried forward since then with people from all walks of life joining it.

The components of the programme are:

a) Construction of individual sanitary latrines for households below the poverty line with subsidy (80%) where demand exists.

b) Conversion of dry latrines into low-cost sanitary latrines

.c) Construction of exclusive village sanitary complexes for women providing facilities for hand pumping, bathing, sanitation and washing on a selective basis where there is not adequate land or space within houses and where village panchayatsare willing to maintain the facilities.

d) Setting up of sanitary marts.

e) Total sanitation of villages through the construction of drains, soakage pits, solid and liquid waste disposal.

f) Intensive campaign for awareness generation and health education to create a felt need for personal, household and environmental sanitation facilities


This campaign aims to accomplish the vision of a ‘Clean India’ by 2 October 2019, the 150th birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. It is expected to cost over 62000 crore(US.7 billion). Fund sharing between the Central Government and the State Government and Urban Local Bodies (ULBs) is 75%:25% (90% : 10% for North Eastern and special category states). The campaign has been described as “beyond politics” and “inspired by patriotism”.

Specific objectives are:

  • Elimination of open defecation
  • Conversion of insanitary toilets to pour flush toilets
  • Eradication of manual scavenging
  • 100% collection and scientific processing/disposal/reuse/recycling of municipal solid waste
  • A behavioural change in people regarding healthy sanitation practices
  • Generation of awareness among citizens about sanitation and its linkages with public health
  • Supporting urban local bodies in designing, executing and operating waste disposal systems
  • Facilitating private-sector participation in capital expenditure and operation and maintenance costs for sanitary facilities.

Brief Story

Modi said,  on 2nd October “Today is the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhiji and Lal Bahadur Shastriji. We have gained freedom under leadership of Gandhiji, but his dream of clean India is still unfulfilled.”

He added, “Swachh Bharat Campaign logo is not just a logo, through it Gandhiji is watching us and we all should clean India. I am not claiming that the newly elected government is doing everything. Be it temples, mosques, gurudwaras or any place, we must take efforts to clean our surroundings. Cleanliness is not only the responsibility of the ‘safaai kaamgar’, it is the responsibility of 125 crore Indians. If Indians can reach Mars at a cheap cost, can we not clean our neighbourhoods?”

Giving credit to previous governments, Modi said, “I do not make any claim that only the newly elected government has done everything. All governments have done something or the other to achieve cleanliness in the country; I greet all of them for this. Swachh Bharat mission is beyond politics. It is inspired by patriotism and not politics.”

Thanking the media for supporting this campaign, he said, “I know people will criticise me in the next few days, but to clean India I am ready to face the criticism.”

Swachh Bharat Run

A Swachh Bharat Run was organized at the Rashtrapati Bhavan on 2 October 2014. According to a statement from the Rashtrapati Bhavan around 1500 people participated and the event was flagged off by President Pranab Mukherjee. Participants in the run included officers and their families.

Swachh Bharat apps

Many independent app developers came up with ideas to support the mission using mobile technologies. The Times of India published an article on how “Desi companies beat Facebook in ‘Swachh’ apps race”. Vocativ wrote of one such app that it could change the relationship between government and people.

Swachh Bharat short film

NIT Rourkela PhD students have made a short film on Swachh Bharat, conveying the message that Swachh Bharat is not a one-day event but should be part of life, in order for the goal of a clean India to be achieved.

The Indo Nepal Doctors Association has also taken inspiration from the Prime Minister of India and on 3 January 2015 launched Swachh Bharat Nepal – Swasth Bharat Nepal Abhiyan at the Indo-Nepali border region of Sunauli-Belihiya, which is the entry to the birth place of the Buddha, Lumbini, Nepal.


Prime Minister Modi also pledged to people saying ‘na main gandagi karoonga,na main gandagi karne doonga’ (I would not litter and won’t allow anyone to do so). He further flagged off a walkathon as part of the Swachh Bharat Campaign.

Source : DNA

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