Essay on Mangalyan

[ 1 ] February 19, 2015 |

Essay on Mangalyan


Important Facts about Mangalyaan: Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), Which is the first mission to Mars from India.

Mangalyaan (MOM) is the India’s pride that was successfully launched by the Indian  Space Research Organization

( ISRO).

Important Facts about Mangalyaan (MOM)

  • The Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or  Mangalyaan is a designed Mars orbiter, which  was launched in November month in 2013 by Indian Space Research Organisation – ISRO.
  • Mars Orbiter mission is set to takeoff from first launch pad at Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh, using a Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle  – PSLV  rocket PSLV C-25 at 2:38 pm on 5th  November 2013. The launch window available is for about 20 days starting 28 October.
  • MOM  is the  India’s first mission to Mars and the executive commencement  for the blast-off of the Indian orbiter, Mangalyaan, began at 06:08 am on 3rd Nov 2013.
  • Mangalyaan’s life time on orbit is around six to ten months.
  • Mangalyaan is having same structure and propulsion hardware configurations as Chandrayaan 1, which is India’s first victorious robotic lunar probe that operated from 2008 to 2009. MOM is designed with some enhancements and up gradations which requires to Mars orbit.
  • ISRO programme director,  Mylswamy Annadurai and project director , S Arunan and director of ISRO,  SK Shivkumar  will supervise design and progress of the Orbiter.
  • Union of the PSLV-XL dispatch vehicle, assigned C-25, began on fifth August 2013. The incorporation of the five scientific instruments was finished at ISRO Satellite Center, Bangalore, and the completed spacecraft was sent to Sriharikota on second October 2013.
  • The MOM was designed in a span of 15 months which is a record.
  • On 19th October 2013, ISRO chairperson K Radhakrishnan stated  that the launch had to be delayed by a week due to hold-up of a crucial telemetry ship reaching Fiji Islands. The launch was rescheduled for 5th November 2013.
  • The main aim of the mission is to show up  India’s  rocket launch systems, spacecraft-building and operations capabilities.
  • Another key purpose of Mangalyaan is to  investigate Mars’ surface features, mineralogy and Martian atmosphere morphology  using native scientific instruments.
  • The major motto  of this mission is to expand the technologies requisite for design, development, supervision and operations of an interplanetary mission, comprising the following major tasks like design and realisation of a Mars orbiter with a capability to perform Earth bound manoeuvres, cruise phase of 300 days, Mars orbit insertion / capture, and on-orbit phase around Mars.
  • The satellite will likewise help in profound space correspondence, navigation , mission arranging and administration and will likewise fuse self-governing features to handle possibility circumstances.
  • The rocket’s dry mass is 500 KG  and it will convey 850 KG (1,870 lb) of fuel and oxidiser. The fundamental motor uses the bi-charge blend mono-methylhydrazine and dinitrogen tetroxide for orbit insertion and different moves. The test is required to touch base in Mars circle in September 2014 approximately in the meantime as NASA’s MAVEN orbiter.
  • The Indian Deep Space Network will perform route and following operations of this mission, while NASA’s Deep Space Network will give help support services during  the non-noticeable time of the Indian Deep Space Network. Extra checking will be given by Shipping Corporation of India’s Ships , SCI Nalanda and SCI Yamuna which are as of now in position in the South Pacific, off Fiji, during the starting periods of the dispatch and the separation of the shuttle from the fourth phase of the rocket.
  • On 24th September 2014 the Mangalyaan entered Mars circle in it first endeavor. India joins the first class club of countries, i.e., the US, Russia and Europe to achieve Mars Orbit.
  • Calling the Mission effective, Prime Minister Narendra Modi, “History has been made today”.
  • On the off chance that our cricket group wins 1 competition nation celebrates. This mission is thousand times greater accomplishment, said PM Modi.
  • The President excessively joined Prime Minister wishing ISRO researchers and everybody connected with Mission Mars.
  • The Mission was executed in 15 months at an expense of Rs 450 crore ($74 million).


The primary objective of the Mars Orbiter Mission is to showcase India’s rocket launch systems, spacecraft-building and operations capabilities. Specifically, the primary objective is to develop the technologies required for design, planning, management and operations of an interplanetary mission, comprising the following major tasks: design and realisation of a Mars orbiter with a capability to perform Earth-bound maneuvres, cruise phase of 300 days, Mars orbit insertion / capture, and on-orbit phase around Mars; deep-space communication, navigation, mission planning and management; incorporate autonomous features to handle contingency situations.

The secondary objective is to explore Mars’ surface features, morphologymineralogy and Martian atmosphere using indigenous scientific instruments


The Mars Orbiter Mission team won US-based National Space Society‘s 2015 Space Pioneer Award in the science and engineering category. NSS said the award was given as the Indian agency successfully executed a Mars mission in its first attempt; and the spacecraft is in an elliptical orbit with a high apoapsis where, with its high resolution camera, it is taking full-disk color imagery of Mars. Very few full disk images have ever been taken in the past, mostly on approach to the planet, as most imaging is done looking straight down in mapping mode. These images will aid planetary scientists.


History has been created today. We have dared to reach out into the unknown. And have achieved the near impossible.

Travelling a mind-boggling distance of more than 650 million, or 65 crore kilometres.

we have gone beyond the boundaries of human enterprise and imagination. We have, accurately navigated our spacecraft, through a route known to very few.

And, we have done so, from a distance so large; that it took even a command signal from Earth, more time to reach it, than it takes sunlight to reach us.  –PM MODI

Source : DNA & Examsnote WEBSITE.

Tags: ,

Category: Exam Notes, Examination, GA/GK Notes, Govt Other Exams, Jobs, SSC Exam

Leave a Reply


Get the Facebook Likebox Slider Pro for WordPress
%d bloggers like this: